[213] After the second of these Syphax was pursued and taken prisoner by Masinissa at the Battle of Cirta; Masinissa then seized most of Syphax's kingdom with Roman help. If you're quick, you should capture all the provinces before the Carthaginians can land. [151], In 218BC there was some naval skirmishing in the waters around Sicily. :(. If either commander felt at a disadvantage, they might march off without engaging. This erupted into full-scale mutiny under the leadership of Spendius and Matho and 70,000 Africans from Carthage's oppressed dependant territories flocked to join the mutineers, bringing supplies and finance. This was insufficient to challenge Hannibal's army in open battle, but sufficient to force him to concentrate his forces and to hamper his movements. [261] It took six days to clear the city of resistance; only on the last day did Scipio agree to take prisoners. It was prohibited from waging war outside Africa and in Africa only with Rome's express permission. Hostages were taken. Sources other than Polybius are discussed by Bernard Mineo in "Principal Literary Sources for the Punic Wars (apart from Polybius)". From my experience Carthage ai is terrible. [257], Scipio moved back to a close blockade of the city and built a mole which cut off supply from the sea. [27] Relationships were good and the two states had several times declared their mutual friendship via formal alliances: in 509BC, 348BC and around 279BC. You should have a ticking warscore, and a funny little modifier to their willingness to accept your peace deal called "too quiet" (see screenshot above) will eventually start ticking up every month.

By its terms Carthage paid 3,200 talents of silver[note 8] in reparations and Sicily was annexed as a Roman province. The immense effort of repeatedly building large fleets of galleys during the war laid the foundation for Rome's maritime dominance for 600 years.

[3][5] Polybius's work is considered broadly objective and largely neutral as between Carthaginian and Roman points of view. The end of the war also sparked a significant, but unsuccessful, mutiny and rebellion within the Carthaginian Empire referred to as the Mercenary War. That night the Carthaginian garrison escaped and the Romans seized the city and its inhabitants, selling 25,000 of them into slavery. joined the discord to check it out and there isnt even a word of the new AMpsicora mod this one got converted into. This could be increased to 5,000 in some circumstances. [185], The historian Richard Miles describes Cannae as "Rome's greatest military disaster". [259] At times the Romans progressed from rooftop to rooftop, to prevent missiles being hurled down on them. Your cavalry move really fast, so can do this at lightning speed. So switch him out of researching for someone else, and put him in command of the army instead. [21] Goldsworthy writes "Polybius' account is usually to be preferred when it differs with any of our other accounts".

After a while, they'll give up. [253] The war dragged on into 147BC. [160][218] The Romans retreated to their coastal stronghold north of the Ebro, from which the Carthaginians again failed to expel them. The action of taking control of Sicily had further entrenched Rome's position as a superpower in the Mediterranean and the world as a whole. If this is true then it could use some adjustment. You can probably let it keep ticking up for some money in the peace deal too, if you're feeling fancy. 2,000 talents was approximately 52,000 kilograms (51 long tons) of silver. [218] Observing that the three Carthaginian armies were deployed apart from each other, the Romans split their forces. The First Punic War broke out on the island of Sicily in 264BC.

[124][125] War-weary Carthage fared poorly in the initial engagements, especially under the generalship of Hanno. [117] Goldsworthy describes Roman manpower losses as "appalling". [244][245] Elements in the Roman Senate had long wished to destroy Carthage and with the breach of the treaty as a casus belli, war was declared in 149BC. It is present at too few provinces, we have too few clues about this religion plus it would be too quickly snaffed out in most cases. [266] The province became a major source of grain and other foodstuffs. All trademarks are property of their respective owners in the US and other countries. [217] The Carthaginian commander in Iberia, Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal, marched into this area in 215BC, offered battle and was defeated at Dertosa, although both sides suffered heavy casualties. By 212BC the full complement of the legions deployed would have been in excess of 100,000 men, plus, as always, a similar number of allied troops. , The First Provincia/

Gauls now joined his army in large numbers, bringing it up to 50,000 men. [36][37], Carthaginian citizens only served in their army if there was a direct threat to the city.

(The latter were usually Numidians. [243], In 149BC a Roman army of approximately 50,000 men, jointly commanded by both consuls, landed near Utica, 35 kilometres (22mi) north of Carthage. Set your retinues to allow armies to attach, but not your cav, they work better alone and your ally's armies will never be able to keep up with them anyway. I took the manpower, but I didn't need all the manpower in the end. [43] On occasion some of the infantry would wear captured Roman armour, especially among Hannibal's troops. [76] A Carthaginian army of 50,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and 60 elephants attempted to lift the siege in 262BC, but was heavily defeated at the Battle of Akragas. [202], A rebellion in support of the Carthaginians broke out on Sardinia in 213BC, but it was quickly put down by the Romans. The Carthaginians were again beaten;[88] this was possibly the largest naval battle in history by the number of combatants involved. The remaining Carthaginian-controlled towns then surrendered or were taken through force or treachery[208][209] and the Sicilian grain supply to Rome and its armies was resumed. [254][256] With no Carthaginian army in the field those cities which had remained loyal went over to the Romans or were captured. Also I would really hope that the devs would look more on the existing religions instead. He then charged into the legions from behind. There were strong commercial links. The conflict lasted for 23 years and caused substantial materiel and human losses on both sides; the Carthaginians were ultimately defeated by the Romans in 241BC. A fresh Roman army attacked the main Carthaginian stronghold on the island, Agrigentum, in 210BC and the city was betrayed to the Romans by a discontented Carthaginian officer. This was in ironman. [116] Rome was also close to bankruptcy and the number of adult male citizens, who provided the manpower for the navy and the legions, had declined by 17 per cent since the start of the war. [110] It was to be seven years before Rome again attempted to field a substantial fleet, while Carthage put most of its ships into reserve to save money and free up manpower. [127] He campaigned successfully, initially demonstrating leniency in an attempt to woo the rebels over. sfn error: no target: CITEREFZimmermann2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFFronda2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFaco_del_Hoyo2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFRoberts2017 (, Wars of the fall of the Western Roman Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punic_Wars&oldid=1097948059, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 13 July 2022, at 12:56. I messaged you a long time ago if you (regarding this mod) wanted any assistance for potentially working on Sicily and Italy.

[47][48] The Carthaginians also employed war elephants; North Africa had indigenous African forest elephants at the time. To counter this, the Romans introduced the corvus, a bridge 1.2 metres (4 feet) wide and 11 metres (36 feet) long, with a heavy spike on the underside, which was designed to pierce and anchor into an enemy ship's deck. They were divided into three ranks, of which the front rank also carried two javelins, while the second and third ranks had a thrusting spear instead. Some members of the city council denounced his actions and Hasdrubal had them too put to death and took control of the city. [129][130], By early 237BC, after numerous setbacks, the rebels were defeated and their cities brought back under Carthaginian rule. Archimedes before being killed by the Roman soldier copy of a Roman mosaic from the 2nd century, Roman controlled territory in Iberia 218214, 2nd centuryBC marble bust, identified as Scipio Africanus, now in the. The infantry were unarmoured troops who would charge ferociously, but had a reputation for breaking off if a combat was protracted. They carried several javelins, which would be thrown from a distance, a short sword and a 90-centimetre (3ft) shield. Please see the. The Second Punic War began in 218BC and witnessed Hannibal's crossing of the Alps and invasion of mainland Italy. [95][96][97], The war continued, with neither side able to gain a decisive advantage. [250][251] The Roman army moved to lay siege to Carthage, but its walls were so strong and its citizen-militia so determined it was unable to make any impact, while the Carthaginians struck back effectively.

[148], In 219BC a Carthaginian army under Hannibal besieged, captured and sacked Saguntum[137][149] and in spring 218BC Rome declared war on Carthage.

I think its fine.

[113] Evidence of Carthage's financial situation includes their request for a 2,000 talent loan[note 6][note 7] from Ptolemaic Egypt, which was refused. [247] This done, the Romans demanded the Carthaginians burn their city and relocate at least 16 kilometres (10mi) from the sea; the Carthaginians broke off negotiations and set to work to recreate their armoury. Hannibal arrived with 20,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and an unknown number of elephants the survivors of the 37 with which he left Iberia[75][162] in what is now Piedmont, northern Italy.

[160][161] The Carthaginians reached the foot of the Alps by late autumn[157] and crossed them, surmounting the difficulties of climate, terrain[157] and the guerrilla tactics of the native tribes. Traditionally, when at war the Romans would raise two legions, each of 4,200 infantry[note 3] and 300 cavalry. [213] They sailed from Croton[214] and landed at Carthage with 15,00020,000 experienced veterans. Thank you that we pretty informative. It was regarded as "the longest and most severely contested war in history" by the Ancient Greek historian Polybius. [240], At the end of the war, Masinissa emerged as by far the most powerful ruler among the Numidians. The majority were deployed in southern Italy in field armies of approximately 20,000 men each.

[230] After landing in Africa in 204BC, he was joined by Masinissa and a force of Numidian cavalry. You need to sign in or create an account to do that. 10,000 talents was approximately 269,000kg (265 long tons) of silver. [6][7] Polybius was an analytical historian and wherever possible personally interviewed participants, from both sides, in the events he wrote about. The approximate extent of territory controlled by Rome and Carthage immediately before the start of the First Punic War. [84], Taking advantage of their naval victories the Romans launched an invasion of North Africa in 256BC,[87] which the Carthaginians intercepted at the Battle of Cape Ecnomus off the south coast of Sicily. You and your ally's forts will auto-capture a bunch, so just focus on the ones out of reach. The successful Roman invasion of the Carthaginian homeland in Africa in 204BC led to Hannibal's recall from Italy. [94] The Roman fleet, in turn, was devastated by a storm while returning to Italy, losing most of its ships and more than 100,000 men. As you can see in the screenshot, this can all be done in under 5 years. [18], Other, later, ancient histories of the wars exist, although often in fragmentary or summary form. [163], Hannibal captured the chief city of the hostile Taurini (in the area of modern Turin)[164] and his army routed the cavalry and light infantry of the Romans at the Battle of Ticinus in late November.

"Shock" troops are those trained and used to close rapidly with an opponent, with the intention of breaking them before, or immediately upon, contact. [98] The Carthaginians attacked and recaptured Akragas in 255BC, but not believing they could hold the city, they razed and abandoned it. His aim was to join his forces with those of Hannibal, but Hannibal was unaware of his presence. The main Roman camp was in a swamp, which caused an outbreak of disease during the summer. [69][70][71], Much of the First Punic War was fought on, or in the waters near, Sicily. (I had 40 cohorts/ they had 70 something). This is important because it means defeated Carthaginian armies have nowhere to retreat to, they just retreat to the neighbouring province where you can stackwipe them. I agree with your proposition in the most part, however making a new religion just for the Nuragic people is too much.

[186] Toni aco del Hoyo describes the Trebia, Lake Trasimene and Cannae as the three "great military calamities" suffered by the Romans in the first three years of the war.

Their army raided the Roman lines of communication,[251] and in 148BC Carthaginian fire ships destroyed many Roman vessels. Yeah, it is pretty bad, although in my attempts they usually drop ~20 cohorts on the first trip, which is enough to get out of hand once they bring in more along with their vassal swarm unless you stackwipe it quickly.

[227], Later the same year a mutiny broke out among Roman troops, which initially attracted support from Iberian leaders, disappointed that Roman forces had remained in the peninsula after the expulsion of the Carthaginians, but it was effectively put down by Scipio. [179] Fabius introduced the Fabian strategy of avoiding open battle with his opponent, but constantly skirmishing with small detachments of the enemy. [115][122], The Treaty of Lutatius was agreed. [1] The fighting, which consisted predominantly of naval warfare, largely took place on the waters of the Mediterranean surrounding Sicily. [144][145] Hamilcar ruled as a viceroy and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Hasdrubal, in the early 220sBC and then his son, Hannibal, in 221BC. [206], A large Carthaginian army led by Himilco was sent to relieve the city in 213BC. 3,200 talents was approximately 82,000kg (81 long tons). [193] It was the only time during the war that Carthage reinforced Hannibal.

I like to put one retinue on Oualentia, one on Gouroulis, and my cav (now formed into one army) at Forum Traiani. , [102] On Sicily the Romans avoided battle in 252 and 251BC, according to Polybius because they feared the war elephants which the Carthaginians had shipped to the island. [167][168] Only 10,000 Romans out of 42,000 were able to cut their way to safety.

By 214BC the bulk of southern Italy had turned against Rome. [232], Rome and Carthage entered into peace negotiations and Carthage recalled Hannibal from Italy. [66] Getting the oarsmen to row as a unit, let alone to execute more complex battle manoeuvres, required long and arduous training. By the terms of the peace treaty, Carthage paid large war reparations to Rome and Sicily fell to Roman controlthus becoming the first Roman province. [262] There were 50,000 Carthaginian prisoners, a small proportion of the pre-war population, who were sold into slavery. A treaty was agreed in 201BC which stripped Carthage of its overseas territories, and some of its African ones; imposed a large indemnity, to be paid over 50 years; severely restricted the size of its armed forces; and prohibited Carthage from waging war without Rome's express permission. [93] The Romans sent a fleet to evacuate their survivors and the Carthaginians opposed it at the Battle of Cape Hermaeum (modern Cape Bon); the Carthaginians were again heavily defeated. The campaign ended in disaster for the Carthaginians and their army surrendered. It entered Gaul and took an inland route, to avoid the Roman allies to the south. These included the large city of Capua and the major port city of Tarentum (modern Taranto). [248], As well as manning the walls of Carthage, the Carthaginians formed a field army under Hasdrubal, which was based 25 kilometres (16mi) to the south. You must log in or register to reply here. Start recruiting 8 light cavalry.

You can help alleviate this by using your scroll mana to promote your freemen to citizens (the bonus to manpower freemen give is negligible compared to your base manpower), and this can be helped further in a pinch by switching to harsh taxation economy law.

[115] Carthage assembled a fleet which attempted to relieve them, but it was destroyed at the battle of the Aegates Islands in 241BC,[120][121] forcing the cut-off Carthaginian troops on Sicily to negotiate for peace. Is there a formable or achievement related to this? [111][112], After more than 20 years of war, both states were financially and demographically exhausted. [192], When the port city of Locri defected to Carthage in the summer of 215BC it was immediately used to reinforce the Carthaginian forces in Italy with soldiers, supplies and war elephants.

[146] In 226BC the Ebro Treaty was agreed with Rome, specifying the Ebro River as the northern boundary of the Carthaginian sphere of influence. [218], The Carthaginians suffered a wave of defections of local Celtiberian tribes to Rome. This conflict was fought entirely on Carthage's territories in what is now Tunisia and largely centred around the Siege of Carthage. You mistake phoenician trading colonies wich where established 9 BCE with carthaginian rule wich started about the half of the 6 century BCE. Both legionary sub-units and individual legionaries fought in relatively open order. Enter the full URL of your item or group's Polycount page, Enter the full URL of your item or group's reddit page, Enter the full URL to your item or group's Sketchfab page, This item has been removed from the community because it violates Steam Community & Content Guidelines. Any chance it's gonna get fixed up for Marius? I have a suspicion that those 70 or so cohorts it said they had were mostly triremes.

[199] By 207BC Hannibal had been confined to the extreme south of Italy and many of the cities and territories which had joined the Carthaginian cause had returned to their Roman allegiance. We wanted to ask you if you would give us permission to integrate your mod into the Imperator Invictus mod, and as well as ask whether or not you would be willing to potentially join us."

[259][260] When the main assault began it quickly captured the city's main square, where the legions camped overnight. [126][127] Hamilcar Barca, a veteran of the campaigns in Sicily, was given joint command of the army in 240BC and supreme command in 239BC. The Syracusan army proved no match for the Romans and by spring 213BC Syracuse was besieged. In 207BC, after recruiting heavily in Gaul, Hasdrubal crossed the Alps into Italy in an attempt to join his brother, Hannibal. If your allies take them, they'll end up getting them in the peace deal instead of you. (the only time I've seen the AI use "shock action" is when they have elephants, and this is the only counter to envelopment). This is why I recommend Balaria, Balaria's capital fort will capture Olbia automatically, which means if you want it playing as Iliensia you'll need to hold off calling in Balaria until you've captured it yourself. [207] In the spring of 212BC the Romans stormed Syracuse in a surprise night assault and captured several districts of the city. [128] To prevent this, in 240BC Spendius tortured 700 Carthaginian prisoners to death and henceforth the war was pursued with great brutality. Vast amounts of materiel were delivered, including 200,000 sets of armour, 2,000 catapults and a large number of warships. so that sucks. Carthage was forbidden to possess war elephants and its fleet was restricted to 10 warships. Espaol - Latinoamrica (Spanish - Latin America), Portugus - Brasil (Portuguese - Brazil). Many were from North Africa and so were frequently referred to as "Libyans". Take the invention to reduce your claim costs, and fabricate on Carthage. [119] This new fleet effectively blockaded the Carthaginian garrisons. Infantry were usually positioned in the centre of the battle line, with light infantry skirmishers to their front and cavalry on each flank. [196] By early 215BC they were fielding at least 12 legions; by 214BC, 18; and by 213BC, 22. Just the satisfaction of having done it. The region provided several types of fighter, including: close order infantry equipped with large shields, helmets, short swords and long thrusting spears; javelin-armed light infantry skirmishers; close-order shock cavalry[note 4] (also known as "heavy cavalry") carrying spears; and light cavalry skirmishers who threw javelins from a distance and avoided close combat. [86] In 258BC a Roman fleet heavily defeated a smaller Carthaginian fleet at the Battle of Sulci off the western coast of Sardinia. [270][271] Rome still exists as the capital of Italy;[272] the ruins of Carthage lie 24 kilometres (15mi) east of Tunis on the North African coast. [160][217] In 217BC 40 Carthaginian and Iberian warships were beaten by 55 Roman and Massalian vessels at the Battle of Ebro River, with 29 Carthaginian ships lost. [32], Most male Roman citizens were eligible for military service and would serve as infantry, with a better-off minority providing a cavalry component. To be honest, this strategy is easy enough that you can probably take tech or pop boosts if you like. [38][39] When they did they fought as well-armoured heavy infantry armed with long thrusting spears, although they were notoriously ill-trained and ill-disciplined. [203], Sicily remained firmly in Roman hands, blocking the ready seaborne reinforcement and resupply of Hannibal from Carthage. [258] In the spring of 146BC the Roman army managed to secure a foothold on the fortifications near the harbour. [54][55] Forming up in battle order was a complicated and premeditated affair, which took several hours. [190][191] However, the majority of Rome's allies remained loyal, including many in southern Italy. [118], The Romans rebuilt their fleet again in 243BC[119] after the Senate approached Rome's wealthiest citizens for loans to finance the construction of one ship each, repayable from the reparations to be imposed on Carthage once the war was won. Scipio was not able to prevent Hasdrubal from leading his depleted army over the western passes of the Pyrenees into Gaul. Have them form an army separate from your clan retinues. [99][100] The Romans rapidly rebuilt their fleet, adding 220 new ships and captured Panormus (modern Palermo) in 254BC. [109] Carthage turned to the maritime offensive, inflicting another heavy naval defeat at the Battle of Phintias and all but swept the Romans from the sea.

[171] Hannibal hoped some of these allies could be persuaded to defect and marched south in the hope of winning over Roman allies among the ethnic Greek and Italic city states. I'd gladly offer my services again, your mod, long with Mundus Poenicus, are fabulous works indeed! [222] In a carefully planned assault in 209BC, he captured Cartago Nova, the lightly-defended centre of Carthaginian power in Iberia. [157] At the battle of Rhone Crossing, Hannibal defeated a force of local Gauls which sought to bar his way. 1,200 talents was approximately 30,000kg (30 long tons) of silver.

[252] The Romans moved their camp, and their ships, further away so they were now more blockading than closely besieging the city. Ally, defence league and military access with your neighbouring tribe, it might be possible to do this without them but it's much harder. [222], In the spring of 208BC, Hasdrubal moved to engage Scipio at the Battle of Baecula. [228], In 213BC Syphax, a powerful Numidian king in North Africa,[218] declared for Rome. [30] The immediate cause of the war was the issue of control of the independent Sicilian city state of Messana (modern Messina).

[63][64] In 260BC Romans set out to construct a fleet and used a shipwrecked Carthaginian quinquereme as a blueprint for their own. [273][274], Wars between Rome and Carthage, 264 to 146 BC. You are using an out of date browser. [233] The Roman Senate ratified a draft treaty, but due to mistrust and a surge in confidence when Hannibal arrived from Italy Carthage repudiated it. The combined Roman force attacked Hasdrubal at the Battle of the Metaurus and destroyed his army, killing Hasdrubal. Just perfected how to drive the Carthaginians out of Sardinia. [154] In Cisalpine Gaul (modern northern Italy), the major Gallic tribes attacked the Roman colonies there, causing the Romans to flee to their previously-established colony of Mutina (modern Modena), where they were besieged. I think Ill DOW for Corsica when Rome goes to war with Etruria. Funny thing is now my ally is guaranteed by Carthage lmao. [241] Over the following 48 years he repeatedly took advantage of Carthage's inability to protect its possessions. [136] These events fuelled resentment of Rome in Carthage, which was not reconciled to Rome's perception of its situation. [17][15], Several of the city states in southern Italy allied themselves with Hannibal, or were captured when pro-Carthaginian factions betrayed their defences. [note 2][3] Other sources include coins, inscriptions, archaeological evidence and empirical evidence from reconstructions such as the trireme Olympias. It may not display this or other websites correctly. [131] An expedition was prepared to reoccupy Sardinia, where mutinous soldiers had slaughtered all Carthaginians. @Eques_Mortem it works in the 1.2 or 1.3 updates i dunno which, it keeps crashing everytime i try and boot up the game with the mod does it work with the current update, Hello guys, I'm currently working on updating the mod to the latest version of the game, I wanted to wait a bit to better know what was changed ^^.