Shanghai is one of Chinas major cities, located in the middle of Chinas east coast, near the mouth of the Yangtze River. Citizens sit in traffic jams every day, and people regularly break the laws.

Shanghai is the largest city in China, home to more than 26 million people. Please confirm your email address by

What is causing chaos in the city? Wei Kairen: I cant deny that we used to enforce the law quite loosely. There wasnt much success in the responses as although Shanghais traffic congestion level has gone down, it is still at a relatively high 42%. This results in vehicles on the elevated roads crowding the outlets and can't get onto the ground roads smoothly. Many citizens of shanghai, while they believe the issue has slightly improved are still wanting more to be done to reduce the still high level of congestion that is 42%.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Zhu Weihui/Sixth Tone). Individuals in Shanghai have taken it upon themselves to try and reduce the overwhelming traffic congestion issue by doing little things such as taking public transport during rush hour or riding a bike if they are somewhere nearby. Wei Kairen: In the past, our overhauls focused on trying to solve congestion rather than making people obey the traffic rules. And given China's top-down institutional structure, implementing innovative and experimental TDM strategies can be easier and more flexible than doing so in other countries.

Many residents hate it when vehicles scramble for a better position in the lanes.

Due to the conflict between traffic management and city planning, traffic jams remain an everyday headache. Giving Rides to People on Their Way out of Locked-Down Shanghai, Early Report Offers Few Clues on Crashed China Eastern Plane, China Railway Cuts Daily Schedules by 70% Amid COVID-19 Surge, As NEV Sales Boom, Chinas Charging Industry Hits a Wall. Despite pushback from the auto industry, political will is building to get driving under control. Our past overhauls were limited to definite time frames. According to a report from the city government to the Shanghai People's Congress, vehicles have an average speed of 12.4 kilometers per hour during rush hour in the downtown 17-square-kilometre area. Gateway, Traffic Woes to Be Eased with Express Thoroughfares, Ten Schemes to Alleviate Shanghai traffic jams, Copyright China Internet This growth in car ownership not only means that the auto industry and infrastructure investments will continue booming, it also means more air pollution, energy consumption and traffic crashes. The roads of Shanghai on a daily basis always have lines and lines of cars and buses that are crammed together with virtually no space in between them. Shanghai's vehicle quota is allocated through auctions, which not only slows down vehicle growth, but also raises revenues for transit expansion. There are fewer violations. The Big Traffic Overhaul has not only solved the problems in traffic management, but also become an innovative plan for the general management of cities. Sixth Tone: Has the Big Traffic Overhaul had any impact on other parts of China? So what happened? China Development Small passenger vehicles with license plates registered outside of Shanghai will be forbidden to enter the region within Shanghai's inner ring roads during rush hours starting from May 6. We always say that the Big Traffic Overhaul, as we call it, has a beginning but no end. clicking the link in the email received from us. Tone. Transport Demand Management (TDM) strategies can provide these solutions by combining public policy and private sector innovation to reverse over-reliance on private cars.

problems The biggest concerns for people living in the city are no doubt the air pollution produced by the traffic congestion which can cause significant health problems for the residents. *C)N&8mU*1n3WFL)0T58(UPbf{ =`unfj` 4@{ endstream endobj 181 0 obj <>stream From 2008 to 2010, the country's vehicle ownership almost doubled, from 38 vehicles to 58 per 1,000 people, and is set to hit 269 vehicles by 2030. Copyright 2016~2022 Sixth Tone. Shanghai was one of the first cities in China to regulate road use based on license plates. Jia Ru/Sixth Tone.

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By ZHOU WENTING in Shanghai | It is all the implications that the government and individuals have been applying to help reduce traffic congestion, such as building more public transportation systems and limiting vehicle use on roads that has led to this positive drop in the ranks. Prioritizing public transport has been the city's main strategy in traffic development, Liu said. Most importantly, the city has come to understand that a sustainable city is a place for people, not cars. 180 0 obj <>stream The Moving Beyond Cars seriesexclusive to TheCityFix and WRI Insightsoffers a global tour of TDM solutions in Brazil, China, India and Mexico, providing lessons in how cities can curb car culture to make sustainable transport a reality. According to Han, this year the bureau plans to build 36 traffic terminals, where people can change buses, subways and taxis. In other words, the traffic police used to try and ensure smooth traffic flow rather than deal with the root cause of traffic jams so they always failed. These regulatory policies often seem easy to implement and likely to produce quick wins, but have limited effect considering the scale of China's motorization challenge. Yangpu and Nanpu bridges are saturated with traffic and even the newly-completed Lupu Bridge has exceeded its capacity. %PDF-1.5 % We will occasionally send you account related emails. To me this demonstrates how the solutions the government are implicating are not working to the degree that is needed to decrease congestion rates. While shanghai is a beautiful city with many things to offer, the city also has a few downfalls, one of them being traffic congestion. Shanghai put the policy in place in 1994, before motorization had really picked up. So we have the attention of leaders in many other cities. Although Beijing, China has struggled in previous years to adopt strong transport demand management (TDM) strategies, the city is now looking to expand its TDM policies to combat growing car ownership. By clicking "Send essay" you agree to our Terms of service and In contrast, Beijing adopted what it deemed a more equitable lottery system, randomly awarding licenses to applicants. Traffic police maintain an orderly flow of vehicles at an intersection in Shanghai, July 28, 2016. Sixth Tone: What are the overall aims of this traffic initiative? The report also said the city is challenged by a large growth in the number of vehicles. Schemes will involve the establishment of subways and taxi stops, improvement of a downtown bus network, construction of traffic terminals and expansion of suburban bus lines. We can edit this one and make it plagiarism-free in no time. One major problem is that in the existing network, elevated roads downtown are not compatible with the ground roads. This has backfired, though, as the system not only misses the opportunity to raise funds for public transit, but also spawned black markets for winning bidders to capitalize on their free licenses. Statistics show vehicle ownership increased by 18 per cent in the first eight months of last year to reach 1.7 million by September. Yet at the same time, some Chinese cities are starting to see the error of a car-centric world. Beijing, on the other hand, did not implement its own vehicle quota system until 2011 as a reactive response to the 5 million vehicles already choking its streets. Although this policy has been successful in Tokyo, the high costs of verification and the lack of enforcement meant fake certificates were easy to come by in China. When Shanghai kicked off Chinas biggest overhaul of local traffic management one year ago, residents reluctantly complied, and waited for the police presence at major intersections, the angry whistle-blowing, and the on-the-spot fines for traffic violations to gradually melt away the usual course of events for such crackdowns. Sixth Tone: Have you ever considered relaxing the level of law enforcement? As long as the criteria for law enforcement dont change, we will continue with the big overhaul. We have 98 writers available online to start working on your essay just NOW! In 2012 Shanghai ranked 2nd for the most traffic congested cities in China with Beijing taking top spot, however as of right now Shanghai is ranked 9th with a congestion level of 42%. Wei Kairen: We have definitely experienced some unexpected twists during the implementation, which we consider normal. Already have an account?Sign in to Sixth As China's GDP has grown, so has the number of cars on its roads. Municipal government officials admitted that traffic schemes are not agreeable with the overall layout of Shanghai, home to more than 20 million people. Doing this not only reduces the amount of traffic on the roads but also assists people who need to get somewhere quickly and they cant afford to be sitting in traffic all day. As a result of this the city faces a terrible traffic congestion problem. Later, Beijing and other cities adopted vehicle quote systems. We have established and enforced no-blaring zones and clamped down on illegal horn use. By 2010, Beijing's car ownership had skyrocketed to 5 million, whereas Shanghai's grew to only 3.5 million. )I0i1PDT$ endstream endobj 182 0 obj <>stream The issue of traffic congestion in Shanghai has not yet resolved itself although it has somewhat decreased. Shanghais issue of traffic congestion needs to be responded to because it is causing a rise in greenhouse gas emissions and is destroying the air quality around the city. Graphic by WRI China. Thats impossible. (Since the interview, Wei has been promoted to a leading role at the Jinshan branch of the citys Bureau of Public Security.) Sixth Tone: Have there been any major obstacles to rolling out this initiative? Some information, such as publication dates or images, may not have migrated over. And there's hope that even those cities still seeing an unflinching increase in car ownership will eventually get their car habit under control. chinadaily.com.cn | While Beijing was early to require proof of parking, this single measure has not been sufficient at curbing traffic congestion. The solutions frantically being applied to help reduce traffic congestion in Shanghai have in no way had a negative impact on the city other than costs on new infrastructures, however there has not been a massive positive impact on the city either. In 2004, Beijing and Shanghai both had about 2 million vehicles. Beijing, for example, learned quickly, and is now embarking on a new path. This is becoming an ongoing issue and with an average of 45,000 babies born every day in China as well as an increase in people moving to China from other countries, the population of Shanghai is rapidly growing and suggests that traffic congestion in the city will continue to be a pestering problem for many years to come. And as a result of this along with other issues such as poor road design and increase in car ownership, traffic congestion and transportation problems have become a major issue in the city. Wei Kairen: To encourage people to be more considerate of one another, and to improve the general environment for road users. Even though many old streets have been widened, urban elevated roads added, river-crossing tunnels dug and subways built, traffic jams are still a major problem. Dont worry! This time we asked: What should the traffic police do on the road? "The plans will be brought into line with the city's overall urban development planning to make sure they are efficient and to avoid future traffic jams," said Han Qiang, senior official with the Shanghai Urban Transport Bureau. Please click below to complete your registration. Graphic by WRI China. The Chinese government has frantically tried to build new public transportation infrastructures to take some of the traffic away from the roads of the country. will help you reset your password. All Rights Reserved.

The speed is far from the international standard of 18 kilometers per hour. We will value the fruit that weve fought for and strictly stick to the criteria that are used in this overhaul in our future work. Other concerns people might have are that it is causing a lot of noise that can distract residents and there is also a higher risk of road accidents not only for those driving but also for pedestrians. Even though it might seem like a small act, this kind of behavior is uncivilized and encourages road rage. All Rights Reserved. For the latest in smart city news, check out the new, By signing up to receive our newsletter, you agree to our, American Airlines commits to buying 50 eVTOL aircraft from Vertical Aerospace, $84B in transportation law grants awarded so far:Buttigieg says during House hearing, Community resilience-building program's federal funding to more than double, After a bridge collapse, Pittsburgh greenlights comprehensive bridge evaluation, Smart City Maturity Prepares Cities for Technology-Enabled Future, How Small to Midsize Construction Companies Power Growth Through Digital Transformation, The latest developments in vehicle electrification, Industry Dive to be acquired by Informa PLC, Lyft lays off about 60 employees, shutters in-house car rentals program, Extreme Heat Is Making the Fastest-Growing US Cities Unlivable, Cities are death traps in extreme heat but they dont have to be. This time, however, we didnt set a time frame in the beginning. Liu Bin, deputy director of the Shanghai Municipal Transport Commission, said that the number of newly registered small passenger vehicles in Shanghai has been rising by around 300,000 each year over the past five years, thus increasing traffic congestion. Wei Kairen: We have had interactions and exchanges with our counterparts across the country. There has never been a project like this anywhere else in the country that has lasted such a long time, been carried out with such strict criteria, on such a large scale, while attracting so much attention. The interview has been edited for brevity and clarity. Wei Kairen: Never. The average vehicle speed on main roads in rush hours in Shanghai is only 15 to 16 kilometres per hour, which not only delays people from getting to where they want to be but also creates road rage which can lead to and does lead to many accidents on the roads. Further, complementary measures, like investing in public transit, dense and mixed use development around transit stations, and walking and cycling improvements, can complement TDM and maximize its effectiveness. Photo by Alan Sheffield/Flickr. This year, the city will spend another 20 billion yuan (US$2.4 billion) building traffic facilities. Other policieslike Shanghai's license plate auctionhave proven more effective over time. Want a unique essay crafted specifically for you? Overall, even with the many solutions that people have implicated to lessen traffic congestion in Shanghai, there is still room for improvement. Secondly, drivers must act more considerately toward one other.

Were now mostly catching people for illegal parking, while illegal horn use has steadily decreased. "The network will help reduce the vacant taxis driving around," he said, adding that at present, nearly half of the city's 48,000 taxis are idle on the roads. Wei Kairen: The citys quieter than before. The city now invests more than 10 billion yuan (US$1.2 billion) yearly in building subways to form an urban track network to be completed by 2007, the report said. Sixth Tone spoke to Wei Kairen, a former deputy head of traffic police, about Shanghais Big Traffic Overhaul, and what he hoped to achieve through it. We will occasionally send you account related emails. countdown has finished before clicking the resend button. hL10Fm6%"E]\j1{r={|) ,%wbp#ph$RW7zaLqn5gC? In the long-term I definitely believe that if Shanghai continues what they are doing to reduce traffic congestion, that percentage will slowly dwindle and we will get to see the significant impacts on the city. There are three main things. Sixth Tone: What have you achieved in the past year? The city is also showing leadership by limiting vehicles purchased by government institutions in an effort to combat the cultural preference for car ownership. The policy was eventually abandoned. While Beijing is home to about the same number of cars as New York City, Shanghai has a smaller mode share of personal vehicles and a lower rate of ownership. The monorail has somewhat reduced levels of congestion, however the issue of traffic congestion is still very much apparent and there is no doubt there needs to be more focus on achieving this goal. I think that if the city wants to drop this percentage dramatically and improve the lives of the people living there, the Government needs to start building bigger and wider roads and to create a more efficient way of reducing the traffic they should increase the prices on number plate registration, so that there are less private owned vehicles on the roads which will also contribute to better air quality. Wei Kairen, a former deputy head of traffic police in Shanghai, is seen on duty. Just give us your email, so we can send this sample to you, Put your email, and well send this sample over to you, All done! But at a press conference in November 2016, Yang Xiong, at the time the mayor of Shanghai, revealed that the drive had not gone away;it had had far-reaching ramifications. Because there are less cars on the road, air pollution has also decreased as a result of this. Meng Jianzhu, a member of the Politburo, and Guo Shengkun, head of the Ministry of Public Security, have provided us with guidance throughout the process. We conducted a survey and found that widespread rule violations were causing traffic bottlenecks across the city. Beijing and Shanghai are some of the earliest adopters of TDM in China. Sixth Tone: Can you explain a few of the reasons for Shanghais traffic woes? Other Chinese cities have similar stories. In fact, Yang said to a group of amused reporters, several of his government colleagues had even been caught by the cops. By clicking "Receive essay" you agree to our Terms of service and Residents who violate the rules due to special circumstances, such as an emergency trip to the hospital, should provide relevant evidence to the traffic authority later," said Yin Jiangang, deputy head of Shanghai's traffic police. It will also complete a citywide taxi network by 2005 that will contain 1,000 taxi terminals. Courtesy of the Shanghai Traffic Police Corps. Even more cities now restrict which vehiclescan travel on certain days of the week based on license plate numbers. Privacy statement . Last year the city invested more than 20 billion yuan (US$2.4 billion), one-tenth of its total investment in fixed assets projects, in road and subway projects. Im telling you unequivocally that it will be forever. In Shanghai the government has thought to elevate ways of transport such as highways and pedestrian walkways, as well as a monorail system which will hopefully save space and make it easier to access different and more remote locations as well as keep the people off the highway. Although private cars were limited, the number of them still grew by 80 per cent annually in the past two years. h21U0Pw/+Q0L)6 Currently, the city has 18,000 buses with 60 per cent running in the 600-square-kilometre downtown area. China, Japan, India and Indonesia, in particular, have faced severe traffic congestion issues in the past and still today, with some of their cities roads being the worst congested in the world. The first is a quieter city so fewer car horns. Check out the inbox for your sample. Metro trains at some major lines arrive in intervals of less than two minutes, and residents can also find a bus stop within 300 meters when in region inside the inner ring roads, he said. Because of Shanghais rapid economic growth, rapid urbanization has become very much apparent. So he followed the officer for about a month, after which he said he was convinced that the officer had indeed enforced the law impartially and systematically. Original essays from over 700 writers! Thirdly, vehicles should allow pedestrians to go first at crosswalks. They're pursuing transport demand management (TDM) strategies designed to reduce private vehicle travel and create safer, more livable cities. Chinas national Ministry of Public Security has been following the big overhaul very closely.

We used to have short-term action plans, but now we have different criteria. The location of Shanghai doesnt necessarily impact on the issue of traffic congestion, however because Shanghai is located in China and China is naturally a heavily populated country it means that Shanghai is also densely populated. TDM cannot work in isolation.

Weve used strict law enforcement as the measurement for the big overhaul. City government has taken great pains to solve the traffic problems in the past decade with an enormous investment. The measure, announced at a municipal press briefing on Sunday, is part of the city's latest efforts to further alleviate traffic congestion in downtown areas. During peak hours computers face congested traffic over 15% to 25% of their route. Sixth Tone: How long can the overhaul last when taking into account the available traffic police force? I also think that the governments solutions arent really short-term goals which means we are not immediately going to see the positive effects straight away. Since the kickoff of the big overhaul, police officers have enforced the laws strictly, and this has restored their authority. Privacy statement . By continuing well assume you board with our cookie policy. These two key issues demonstrate that as our city grows, we also need to develop more sophisticated policies to keep the citys traffic situation civilized. The ban does not apply to weekends and public holidays. Shanghai was an early adopter of license auctioning, an approach pioneered in Singapore in which residents bid to receive one of a limited number of license plates. In a country where traffic laws are willfully ignored, officials in Chinas most populous city have launched a dramatic campaign to improve residents quality of life. Such lessons can pave the way for a sustainable urban future in China.

Why? (Header image: A police officer directs traffic at an intersection in Shanghai, March 28, 2016. A century of car-centric urban development has left our cities polluted, congested and searching for sustainable solutions. Wei Kairen: When a city develops as fast as Shanghai which now has 24 million people there is bound to be a bottleneck effect. Sixth Tone: Do the traffic police understand the goals? Their different results and approaches shed light on how other cities can be successful with TDM. Lesson 2: pricing is both equitable and profitable. Part of this overhaul has been to develop habits of strict law enforcement among our officers. Information Center. Han noted that improved traffic is needed soon and asked the city's urban planning authority to give it first priority. Other Management implications brought on in Shanghai include limiting vehicle use on some roads, one-way systems and segregation of motor vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians. "Special vehicles, such as ambulances and police cars, are exempted from the ban. After Shanghai won the bid for the World Expo 2010 in 2002, the transport bureau started work on the schemes. Wei Kairen: How long? In both Beijing and Shanghai, the introduction of TDM policies came at the same time as expanded and improved transit services so that new alternatives are provided when driving is not an attractive option. ho0>d~ R5hTK@G4m2>;){@D$DJEKJ qEdE@ .n tSQYL+ZbJ,gM8c~V4y:J=U)2 b 0!:Fsm5*/F mVMCo:+\0j X^tU_KF0yrMorZ6yu6Y_{6#{[cAzzw_ABZx+eb;{*In,B$G'COr. Subscribe to Smart Cities Dive for top news, trends & analysis, The free newsletter covering the top industry headlines, ARCHIVES: This is legacy content from before Sustainable Cities Collective was relaunched as Smart Cities Dive in early 2017. Updated: 2021-04-26 16:32. Before switching to a vehicle quota policy in 2011, Beijing adopted "proof-of-parking," a policy that requires residents to obtain parking certificates before purchasing a car. Such vehicles will be banned from entering the downtown areas from 7 am to 9 am and 5 pm to 7 pm. - Wei Kairen, former deputy head of traffic police. Shanghai shows that it's important to act quickly and calculate the right timing to implementing vehicle ownership restrictions. Home Essay Examples Transportation Traffic Congestion. Taxis will be able to be called by phone. "Full-load rate of the buses on the busiest routes during peak hours is 60 percent, meaning that individuals have a more comfortable environment on the public transport," Liu said. Traffic Congestion And Its Consequences Essay, Traffic Congestion: Causes And Ways Of Solution Essay, Role of Transportation System in Managing Air Pollution within the Cities Essay, Introduction To The Aviation System Essay, Malaysia Airlines: Planning, Organizing, Leadership, Cost Controlling Essay, Problems with the Transport System In The Town Hartlepool Essay, Aviation: History, Definition, Uses & Development Essay, Human Resource Management Case Analysis: Air New Zealand Vs. Air France Essay. The city has planned to build three satellite cities in Jiading, Lingang, Nanhui and Songjiang districts after several years of effort, with each having a population of 1 million. There are still some flaws, though, so our aims have not been achieved just yet. The city is currently looking to expand its TDM options to include congestion pricing and has proactively engaged the public in policymaking and implementation. Your email address has not been verified. Over 80% of the citys air pollution results from the heavy backups of traffic and heavy industries, due to this high amount of air pollution, visibility is low and this can cause more accidents on the roads. For instance, the so-called winter campaigns were set to last during the three winter months. Since the kickoff of the big overhaul, police officers have enforced the laws strictly, and this has restored their authority. Police officers didnt use to punish people who broke the traffic rules while they stood at intersections during the morning and evening rush hours. The downtown population will be reduced from 9.7 million to 8.1 million. I remember there was a taxi driver who thought a police officer who fined him had enforced the law subjectively. The traffic initiative has pushed them to fundamentally change their mindsets away from not being willing to punish the violators. So we will never relax our work. City governments of China have also gone so far as to implement rules such as the even-odd rule which stipulates that only cars with even- or odd-numbered license plates can be on the road on any given day. As a result of the heavy traffic congestion in Shanghai it has caused a major problem in terms of, increasing noise pollution as well as air pollution. Beyond Beijing and Shanghai, Shenzhen adopted a vehicle quota system in 2014 that limits new cars sold in the city.