While scorned for their lawlessness, it was the cyclopes who created Zeus thunderbolts, Hades helmet which made the wearer invisible, Poseidons trident, and Artemis silver bow. In Chinese mythology, the rare appearance of this peaceful, one-horned creature usually coincided with the birth or death of a benevolent or sage ruler. An agricultural community will have monsters on the edge of the village, near the fields. Since most photographic or eye-witness accounts are considered hoaxes, the creature is widely assumed to be a myth. There were also many fabulous animals such as the Nemean Lion, golden-fleeced Ram and winged horse Pegasus, not to mention the creatures of legend such as the Phoenix, Unicorns (Monocerata). BIRDS, STYMPHALIAN (Ornithes Stymphalides) Man-eating which haunted lake Stymphalus in Arkadia. Other stories, though, have a sell-by date and wither away It is not the case that all stories are retooled. Origin: multiple, ancient Mesopotamia, Europe, China. The first image that likely springs to mind is of a diminutive, gossamer-winged sprite often taking the form of a beautiful woman who uses her magical pixie dust to perform benevolent deeds for humans. However, sometimes, the art of griffins featured the creatures with lions front paws as well. For example, it is easy to determine if a drawing is an Angel or a winged elemental. It is that simple, Young says. Four of them drew the goddess' chariot. The history of the werewolf or lycanthrope is incredibly diverse, with stories from Germanic pagan cultures, Slavic Europe, and classic Greek mythology. Creatures which combine human and animal forms or various animals. EAGLE, CAUCASIAN (Aetios Kaukasios) A gigantic Caucasian eagle which fed on the liver of the chained Titan Prometheus. In Indonesian and Malay mythology, the pontianak is a female spirit of a woman who died while pregnant. Stories are told of Grla descending from her frigid mountain lair every December to snatch up naughty boys and girls and devour them in a stew. SPHINX A Theban monster with the head of a woman and the body of a lioness. kelpie mythical creatures monster ness water horse loch creature legend mythological kelpies mythology myth celtic folklore legends fantasy scottish mitologia Now living on Carnival Row, these beings are far from free. Related: These Are the Bloody Best 50 Vampire Movies of All TimeRanked! Check out this story about DNA samples that could prove whether or not Yetis are real. Although they can still be dangerous and mysterious, they also step up as allies. These battles between centaurs and gods or heroes known as centauromachy appear regularly in ancient Greek art, adorning pottery and temples. A breed of serpentine monsters, usually equipped with some magical power. Other stories alleged youd be forced to dance around the ring until you died of exhaustion or went mad. DRACAENAE (Drakainai) Female-monsters with the head and torsos of women and serpentine-tails in place of legs. Maybe they have layers like an onion. SCORPION (Skorpios) A giant scorpion sent by Gaea to slay the giant Orion. UNICORNS Fabulous Indian horses with a single magical horn. Some were even bad enough to be transformed while still alive! For example, in some stories, a golem is created to defend against antisemitic attacks. The dybbuk is a Jewish folk tale of the ghost or dislocated soul of a dead person which then possesses a living human. In folk tales, faeries flew using magic and occasionally caught a ride on the back of a friendly bird! A few examples are the hundred-handed Hecatoncheires, the one-eyed Cyclopes, the water-walking hunter Orion, the wrestler Antaeus, and the monstrous Typhon. Whatever the origin or purpose of these myths and folklore, people seem to be intrinsically drawn to them. A hybrid of a lion and an eagle, the griffin was a powerful, majestic creature of ancient Egyptian and Persian mythology. Before his death at the hands of Hercules, the Hydra was known to terrify the people living in the marshes of Lerna. They are depicted as either dull and dim-witted or violent, but who knows? DOG, GOLDEN (Kuon Khryseos) A golden hound which Rhea sent to guard the infant Zeus and his nurse the goat Amaltheia. tiamat While the vampire myth originated in Europe, most cultures have folk tales surrounding vampiric creatures. Leprechauns are widely known and easily recognizable, especially if youve ever had a certain breakfast cereal. The most predominant feature of vampires (or vampyres) is the consumption of a persons vital essence, most often in the form of blood. BOAR, ERYMANTHIAN (Hus Erymanthios) A gigantic Arcadian boar which Heracles was sent to fetch as one of his twelve labours. However, faeries were rarely depicted with wings outside of Victorian artwork. BEASTS, INDIAN (Theres Indikoi) Legendary India was the home of many fabulous beasts. In some senses, this depiction isnt entirely incorrect. There are things that are bigger than us that we glimpse and things that we cannot even conceive: things that are, in any case, beyond our control. The full moon may or may not be involved. BULL, SERPENT (Tauros Ophis) A black-skinned monster with the foreparts of a bull and the rearparts of a serpent. cyclops greek mythology eye giant odysseus creatures healing Still, in different regional stories were trolls who made their homes deep in underground caves. AUTOMOTONS (Automotones) Creatures crafted out of metal and endowed with life by the smith-god Hephaestus. Places get the monsters they deserve. Famous in Jewish folklore, golems are most often depicted as beings created from inanimate matter such as clay or mud, which have been brought to life to serve some purpose. These inhabitants of rivers, ponds and swamps can be both dangerous and playful, either attacking unlucky swimmers or challenging them to sumo wrestling matches. SEA GODS & SEA DAEMONS (Daimones Einalioi, Theoi Einalioi) Many of sea-gods appeared as fish-tailed mermen, or were otherwise fabulous in form. In art, they also feature other goatlike features such as horns and pointed ears. However, the term chimera is now often used to describe any creature that is a hybrid of multiple animals, often composed of wildly different parts. But as varied as their origin and evolution may be, the mythos we have created around trolls often touches on the same theme a fear of those unlike ourselves. Faeries, also known as fairies, fey, or fae, can be traced back to Old French medieval romance stories. Myths of half-human, half-fish creatures can be traced all the way back to ancient Babylon. So, we should give them some credit for their creativity. HARPIES (Harpyiai) Three winged monsters with the bodies of birds and the heads and torsos of women. While Carnival Row is steeped in fantasy, it also serves as a commentary on the real world, touching on some of todays most serious issues. Ogres are featured in folktales from all around the world, and though the word is of French origin, the creature itself is derived from the man-eating ancient Etruscan god Orcus. DOG, LAELAPS (Kuon Lailaps) A fabulous dog destined always to catch its mark. BEASTS, AFRICAN (Theres Aithiopes) The semi-legendary land of Ethiopia (Sub-saharan Africa) was the home of many fabulous beasts. The beast is sometimes called a Chinese unicorn and symbolizes prosperity and good fortune. So, lets dive in (sometimes literallyIm looking at you, mermaids) and learn more about this list of mythical creatures. While many believe that this creature is the missing link between apes and human beings, Bigfoot or Sasquatch is widely considered to be a mythological being. PANES A tribe of nature-spirits which had the heads and torsos of men, the legs and tails of goats, goatish faces and goat-horns. They include creatures such as the Hydra, the Dragon of the Golden Fleece, Python, the Ethiopian Sea-Monster and the she-dragon Echidna. DNA samples that could prove whether or not Yetis are real. Ogres are usually large, tall, and strong with plenty of hair and a huge appetite. Angels have feathered bird-like wings and the winged Elementals have wings that look like a butterfly. Origin: Ghana, spreading across west Africa region. While this wholesome representation of fairies commonly populates childrens storybooks in modern times, they actually have a darker and more sinister folkloric past. Sometimes, these mystical creatures are purely symbolic and offer us a closer look at a particular cultures fears, desires, or values, while other folk tales about cute mythical creatures are based on human natureor perhaps simply invented to keep disobedient children in line. BOAR, CALYDONIAN (Hus Kalydonios) A gigantic Aetolian boar slain by a band of heroes in the famed Calydonian Boar Hunt. In the ancient tales, they were notorious for lawless barbarism, with a tendency to overindulge in drink and amorous pursuits they represented the untamed, unchecked side of mankind. These include creatures such as the Centaur (Horse-Man), Sphinx (Lion-Woman), Hippocamp (Fish-Horse), and Chimaera (Lion-Goat-Snake). If those conditions were not met, the marriage ended and sometimes, the life of the human would, too. Fauns, or goat men, were carried over to Roman mythology from the Greek Satyrs. Here's a closer look at three of the most storied creatures found in myth and lore. In turn, Satyrs appearance was based on the god Pan. HORSES, OF DIOMEDES (Hippoi Diomedios) Four man-eating horses owned by the Thracian King Diomedes. She is said to appear at the full moon and feast on the bodily organs of her victims. Stories of mythical animals, mythical monsters, and other cool mythical creatures continue to spread across the world through books, film, television, and many other media sources. With the legs and tail of a goat and the upper body of a man. Mythical beasts and beings have roots all over the world. Gigantic men, often with fantastic features or abilities. They included the Empusae, Erinyes, Vampires and haunting ghosts of the dead. Talk about spooky! GRIFFINS (Grypes) Winged beasts with the foreparts of eagles and the bodies of lions. Did you grow up thinking that if you didnt behave, the bogeyman (also boogeyman) would get you? In Greek folklore, mermaids, sometimes called sirens, often lured sailors to their deaths with their mesmerizing melodies. Most often depicted as a giant with one eye, the cyclops (which means circle-eyed) first appeared in ancient Greek mythology. As some of the fairy legends of western Europe go, if you come across a fairy ring distinguished by a circle of mushrooms in a field or forest do not dare step inside. In traditional mythology, these monstrous, somewhat humanoid beings were not so cheerful, and actually quite hostile. Today, trolls have pushed well beyond Norse mythology and Scandinavian folklore, and have become recurring characters in fantasy films, literature, role-playing games and yes, on toy store shelves. If theres one in particular that strikes fear in the hearts of children, however, its Grla, the Icelandic troll woman said to terrorize families during the jolliest time of year Christmas. And although humans and fairies were allowed to marry, they could only do so only under certain conditions. Gorgon myths are important lessons in not being tricked by beauty alone. Fairy rings were also believed to be instant portals to the fairy realm, where if you ate or drank anything youd be trapped for eternity. Origin: mainly Orkney and Shetland Islands. A fierce battle ensues with the Lapiths, and the centaurs are handily defeated and driven away. Versions of some creatures, such as the prolific fairy, populate stories across multiple cultures and countries. These included monsters such as the Gorgons and Echidna. The mythical creatures found in folklore do a lot of different jobs, says Simon Young, a British historian of folklore and co-editor/co-author of the book Magical Folk: British and Irish Fairies, 500 AD to the Present. GORGONS (Gorgones) Three monstrous Libyan sisters with broad faces, staring eyes, flaring nostrils, wiry beards, tusks and protruding tongues. Greek mythology had its nymphs. Examples include the winged horse Pegasus, the giant Erymanthian Boar, the fire-breathing Bulls of Colchis, and the inescapable hunting-dog Laelaps. FISHES, OF APHRODITE (Ikhthyes) Two large fish which carried the goddess Aphrodite ashore following her sea-birth. MEN, FANTASTIC Races of strangely-formed men were believed to inhabit the farthest reaches of the earth. You dont want to hear the wailing scream of this woman in white thought to be a fairy or spirit.