, Also Protestantism, especially in its evangelical and Pentecostal forms, is on the rise: Introvigne recalls how Giorgio Bouchard, a Waldensian pastor, told him that "when he was born, the typical Italian Protestant was a man, lived in Piedmont, had a last name like Bouchard and was a Waldensian", while "today, the typical Italian Protestant believer is a woman, lives in Campania or Sicily, is named Esposito and is a Pentecostal. New, Insights into the worlds most important health markets, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Everything you need to know about the industry development. A unified, searchable interface answering your questions on the worlds cultures and religions. In, Istat. , Among the fastest-growing new religious denominations in Italy a special place is held by the Jehovah's Witnesses (who count around 420,000 faithful, including both members and other people regularly attending the Congregation's meetings). Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? This is not surprising, as Vatican City, located in the heart of Rome, is the hub of Roman Catholicism and where the Pope resides. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. The importance of religious activity has declined in the 21st century, especially among Italian youth. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019).  In the latest available year (2012), 15,226,291 taxpayers chose the Catholic Church, 562,313 the Union of Methodist and Waldensian Churches, 72,238 the Union of Jewish Communities in Italy, 47,859 the Lutheran Evangelical Church in Italy, 44,229 the Evangelical Christian Churches Assemblies of God in Italy, and 29,448 the Italian Union of Seventh-day Adventist Christian Churches. ", Istat, Number of people who attend religious services at least once a week in Italy from 2006 to 2020 (in 1,000s) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/576085/weekly-church-attendance-in-italy/ (last visited July 21, 2022), Number of people who attend religious services at least once a week in Italy from 2006 to 2020, Weekly church attendance in Italy 2006-2020, Weekly church attendance in Italy 2020, by age, Weekly church attendance in Italy 2020, by education level, Number of people not attending church in Italy 2006-2020, Number of people not attending church in Italy 2020, by age, Number of people not attending church in Italy 2020, by education level, Italian citizens belonging to religious minorities 2020, Distribution of citizens belonging to Protestantism in Italy 2020, Italian citizens belonging to esoteric and "ancient wisdom" groups 2020, Distribution of Italian citizens belonging to Exoteric and ancient wisdom groups 2020, Public trust in the Church in Italy 2009-2020, Public trust in Pope Francis in Italy 2009-2020, Italians' relationship to the Catholic Church 2020, Italians' opinions on Catholic Church conservatism 2020, Acts of racial violence and discrimination in Italy 2015-2020, by motive, Opinions about discrimination and prejudices in Italy 2020, Discrimination and prejudices among Gen Z in Italy 2020, Italy: frequency of going to Church or watching the mass on TV 2016, by age, Number of church services in Norway 2009-2019, by weekday/weekend, Easter church attendance for the Church of England 2012-2019, Church attendance for the Church of England in London 2012-2017, Religious identification and participation in the Netherlands 2018, by denomination, Seating capacity of American places of worship 2010, Number of weekend services held by American congregations 2010, Religious participation in the Netherlands 2007-2018, by denomination, Share of French people planning to go to a church mass on Christmas Eve in 2017, Number of members leaving Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland 2007-2017, Religious composition of Czechia 2010-2050, by affiliation, Religiosity and happiness in Singapore 2012, Religious or spiritual well-being as a source of happiness among Chinese 2019, Peru: prevalence of gift giving at Christmas 2019, Number of people who attend religious services at least once a week in Italy from 2006 to 2020 (in 1,000s), Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Find a brief overview of all Outlooks here, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre, The most prayerful were the citizens aged over 75 years, In 2018, the largest share of individuals who were not belonging to the Roman Catholic Church were Protestants, 64 percent of the Italian respondents stated that they disagreed with their religions position on social issues.  The Jewish community of Milan, the country's second largest after Rome's, is the most international in character and composition, notably including a substantial number of Mizrahi Jews originating from Libya and the Middle East. The Church's world leader, the Pope, is the Bishop of Rome, hence the special relationship between Italians and the Churchand the latter's entanglement with Italian politics (see Lateran Treaty and the section below on religion and politics). Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. Therefore, all statistics on religious demographics of Italians are approximations. Most of the leading Catholic religious orders, including the Jesuits, the Salesians, the Franciscans, the Capuchin Franciscans, the Benedectines, the Dominicans, the Divine Word Missionaries, the Redemptorists, the Conventual Franciscans and the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, have their headquarters in Rome too. The Catholic Churchs statistics indicate that 96% of Italians were baptised as Catholic.3 Though this figure does not reflect the number of current/active members, it demonstrates how the Catholic tradition is culturally dominant in life events (e.g.  According to the same source, in 2012 Italy was home to 850 "African Neo-Pentecostal churches", 750 foreign-language Catholic communities, 655 mosques or other Islamic houses of worship, 355 Orthodox parishes, 126 Buddhist temples, 37 Sikh ones and 2 Hindu ones. It is practised by 0.1% of the Italian citizens and 2.9% of the immigrant population.  Accessed July 21, 2022. https://www.statista.com/statistics/576085/weekly-church-attendance-in-italy/, Istat. Density (P/Km): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km). Are there any US military bases in Scotland? Roman religion, also called Roman mythology, beliefs and practices of the inhabitants of the Italian peninsula from ancient times until the ascendancy of Christianity in the 4th century ad. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. While the Roman Catholic Church has condemned religious circumcision for its members, and currently maintains a neutral position on the practice of non-religious circumcision, it is customary in Coptic Christianity, Ethiopian Orthodox Church and Eritrean Orthodox Church, which keep it as a rite of passage. , The religious composition of the Italian population (2015 estimate: 60,795,612 people, including 55,782,575 Italian citizens and 5,014,037 foreign residents) is shown in the table below. and over 1Mio.  Among the latter, especially relevant are the Romanian Orthodox Church, which has a diocese of Italy, and the Greek Orthodox Church (Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople), whose Archdiocese of Italy and Malta and Exarchate of Southern Europe has its see in Venice. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2022, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2022, Number of apps available in leading app stores Q1 2022, Research Expert covering society and economy, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Christianity has been present in the Italian Peninsula since the 1st century.. Italy is officially a secular state. In 2015, the population increased to 120,000.Demographics. statistic alerts) please log in with your personal account. Most Catholics accept the authority of the Bible because they believe its authors were inspired by the Holy Spirit to write the word of God. Native Italian Jews, who form the core of the community in Rome, practice the minhag Italkim, or "Italian Jews", but there are also Ashkenazi Jews who have settled in the North, especially in the lands of the former Republic of Venice (Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and eastern Lombardy) and Piedmont, since the late Middle Ages, and Sephardi Jews, who have established themselves mostly in Livorno, Florence, Venice and several cities of Emilia, after their expulsion from the Kingdom of Naples. He is ONE God, in three divine Persons, and his name is YHWH or Yahweh. Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, The population density in Italy is 206 per Km. Also, the Jews have mostly been active in "secular" parties, but they have recently been more divided between the Democrats and Forza Italia. These gave birth to the State of Vatican City. Now Italy is a secular state. Around 80% of the Italian population is Catholic. These rites of passage mark key turning points throughout ones lifetime.
A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants. Jewish presence dates to the pre-Christian Roman period and has continued uninterrupted up to the present, despite periods of extreme persecution and occasional expulsions from parts of the country. A Christian refers to a follower of Jesus Christ who may be a Catholic, Protestant, Gnostic, Mormon, Evangelical, Anglican or Orthodox, or follower of another branch of the religion. What is the difference between Christians and Catholics? When did Hungary convert to Protestantism? Italy is officially a secular state. A Catholic is a Christian who follows the Catholic religion as transmitted through the succession of Popes. The current Pope is Francis, born Jorge Mario Bergoglio, who, before his election in 2013, is from Argentina and was the Archbishop of Buenos Aires from 1998 to his installation. The person usually moves the rosary in their hands, touching each bead as they recite a prayer. Most of the population identify as Christian, with the majority (78.3%) affiliating with Catholicism.Many Irish accept the authority of the priesthood and the Roman Catholic Church, which is led by the Pope. The primary data source is the aforementioned CESNUR, which includes the data on foreign residents provided by Caritas Italiana..  According to Caritas Italiana (the CEI's charitable arm), in 2015 the immigrant population was 53.8% Christian (30.5% Orthodox, 18.3% Catholic, 4.3% Protestant and 0.7% other), 32.2% Muslim, 2.9% Hindu and 2.2% Buddhist. Istat. Roman Catholic. Data refers to the 12 months before the date of data collection.  According to Doxa (another Italian research centre) in 2014, 75% of Italians are Catholic. "Number of people who attend religious services at least once a week in Italy from 2006 to 2020 (in 1,000s)."  Italy is the third European Union member in terms of highest weekly church attendance rates after Poland and Ireland. What is the fastest growing religion in Italy? The Bible contains the Ten Commandments .The Bible is where Catholics can read the teachings of Jesus. Finally, Eurostat's Eurobarometer survey in 2018 showed that 85.6% of Italy's population is Christian (78.9% Catholic, 4.6% orthodox Christians, 0.6% Protestants, 1.5% other Christians), while 2.6% belong to other religions and 11.7% are non-religious (7.5% atheists, 4.2% agnostics). facts. Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The two churches include the majority of the population in Piana degli Albanesi, Sicily and Lungro, Calabria, and the so-called "Waldensian Valleys" (Val Pellice, Val Chisone and Valle Germanasca) of western Piedmont, respectively. Is there a difference between a Catholic church and a Roman Catholic church?  From 1946 to 1992 all Prime Ministers but two were Christian Democrats and Catholics. Her parents were avid travelers, and they passed their love of exploration onto their daughter. , Italy's Catholic patron saints are Francis of Assisi and Catherine of Siena. The Cultural Atlas team acknowledges the Traditional Owners of the lands throughout Australia on whose country we have the privilege to live and work. Italy is home to many of the world's largest, oldest and opulent churches. After Italian unification, predominantly supported by secular and anti-clerical forces, and especially the capture of Rome in 1870 which marked the final defeat of the Papal States by the Kingdom of Italy and gave start to the so-called Roman Question over the temporal power of the Pope, Catholics largely self-excluded themselves from active politics.  Other sources give different accounts of Italy's Islamic population, usually around 2%. "Number of People Who Attend Religious Services at Least Once a Week in Italy from 2006 to 2020 (in 1,000s). Chart. birth, death, marriage). You only have access to basic statistics. Of the remaining population, 9% identify as Coptic Orthodox Christian and the remaining 1% identify with some other denomination of Christianity. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger.  Having an agreement with the Italian government is not needed in order to appoint chaplains in hospitals and jails and to be partially financed by taxpayers' money. In 2012, there were about 90,000 Hindus in Italy. The Sermon on the Mount is an example of a collection of these teachings. Please do not hesitate to contact me. Despite this, Italy gave up Catholicism as a state religion in 1984 to maintain a divide between religion and law. They follow His teachings as set out in the New Testament and place their trust in Gods promise of eternal life with Him.  In the Protestant context, it is also worth mentioning the Evangelical Christian Church of the Brethren (21,000) and the Italian section of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (20,000).
The Population of Italy (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. " Not surprisingly the Assemblies of God in Italy (150,000 members), the Federation of Pentecostal Churches (50,000) and several smaller evangelical/Pentecostal denominations have the majority of their communities in the South. In 1943 a group of Catholics, including several former Populars and many members of Catholic Action (a widespread lay association), formed the aforementioned Christian Democracy party and, with Alcide De Gasperi, led the Italian provisional government since 1945.. There are also pagans belonging to other European religions, such as Heathenism, to which the Comunit Odinista and the Tempio del Lupo belong; Druidism, Hellenism and Wicca. La cultura libert", "Matteo story: Renzi, lo scout che studiava da sindaco", "Matteo Renzi, dai boy scout alla politica nazionale a colpi di rottamazione e slogan", "Bagnasco agli R/S: strada, servizio e fatica sono nobilt e bellezza", "Il pluralismo religioso italiano nel contesto postmoderno", "L'Unione delle Comunit Ebraiche Italiane", "Dove siamo - Le chiese delle Assemblee di Dio in Italia sul territorio nazionale", "Facts and Statistics: Statistics by Country: Italy", http://www.dossierimmigrazione.it/docnews/file/Scheda%20Dossier%202015.pdf, "Italy, Statistics by Diocese, by Catholic Population", "L'Arcidiocesi d'Italia del Patriarcato di Costantinopoli | le Religioni in Italia", "Il Patriarcato di Serbia | le Religioni in Italia", "Il Patriarcato di Bulgaria | le Religioni in Italia", "La prima ondata: (C) gli "apostolici" del risveglio gallese | le Religioni in Italia", "Religious observances:Aspects of daily life:Regions and type of municipality", "Questione romana nell'Enciclopedia Treccani", "Unione elettorale cattolica italiana in "Dizionario di Storia", "GENTILONI, Vincenzo Ottorino in "Dizionario Biografico", "Partito popolare italiano in "Dizionario di Storia", "Democrazia cristiana in "Dizionario di Storia", "Governo Italiano - Le intese con le confessioni religiose", "INTESA TRA LA REPUBBLICA ITALIANA E LA CONGREGAZIONE CRISTIANA DEI TESTIMONI DI GEOVA", "Italian prime minister's office' explanation of the "otto per mille", Austrian occupation and Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_Italy&oldid=1098928316, All articles with bare URLs for citations, Articles with bare URLs for citations from March 2022, Articles with PDF format bare URLs for citations, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2022, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, Christian Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses in Italy, This page was last edited on 18 July 2022, at 04:52. Sheila Campbell has been traveling the world for as long as she can remember. The second Person of this Trinity (the Son) came to earth and took on humanity.  The "Eight per thousand tax" has thus disproportionately helped some minor denominations, particularly the Waldensians. Roman Catholicism has been a point of unification for Italy, and its influence on society remains very publicly visible.  According to a 2006 survey by Eurispes (an Italian research centre), Catholics made up 87.8% of Italian citizens, with 36.8% describing themselves as observants. Masses also occur throughout the week, although shorter in length. Some Italians may also donate part of their salary to Catholic charities that perform community services. Fascism persecuted religious minorities: on 9 April 1935, Guido Buffarini Guidi outlawed the Pentecostal faith, and during 1938-1939 Jews were targeted by the infamous racial laws and later victims of a genocide in the context of the Holocaust. It was particularly low in Liguria (18.6%), Aosta Valley (21.0%), Friuli-Venezia Giulia (21.9%), and Sardinia (21.9%) and the so-called "red regions" (long-time strongholds of the left-wing/centre-left, from the Italian Communist Party to the current Democratic Party), especially Tuscany (19.4%) and Emilia-Romagna (21.6%).. The creed of the Catholic Church has significantly shaped the culture and social attitudes of Italians over time. Currently, you are using a shared account. The vast majority of the Egyptian population (90%) identify as Muslim, mostly of the Sunni denomination. Number of people who attend religious services at least once a week in Italy from 2006 to 2020 (in 1,000s) [Graph].  According to other sources, up to 10% of residents, both Italian citizens and foreign residents, profess a faith which is different from Catholicism. , Immigration has brought to Italy many religious minorities, especially Islam, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Oriental Orthodoxy. Religious denominations which have a relevant presence in the country, but for which there are no data, are included in the table. (August 23, 2021). After World War I, Catholics organised the Italian People's Party, as part of the Christian democracy movement. Catholics worship the One and Only God, who is the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.)  According to the same poll in 2010, those percentages fell to 76.5% and 24.4%, respectively. The headquarters of the 1.2-billion strong Catholic Church, the State of Vatican City (see also Holy See), is an enclave within the city of Rome and, thus, the Italian territory. The Italian resistance movement saw the participation of Catholics, Protestants (Waldensians were especially active in the Action Party), and Jews (through the Jewish Brigade) alike. $39 per month* Religion in Russia is diverse with Christianity, especially Russian Orthodoxy being the most widely professed faith, but with significant minorities of non-religious people and adherents of other faiths. Corporate solution including all features. In particular, the Lateran Treaty of 1929 (signed under Benito Mussolini), which gave a special status to the Church, is recognised and modifications "accepted by both parties" to such treaty are allowed without the need of constitutional amendments. Profit from the additional features of your individual account. And even though 70 percent of Italians have a Bible at home, theyve only read about 30 percent of the scriptures, LUnita wrote. By the numbers, in 2015 the country was home to around 1,850,000 Muslims and virtually 1,700,000 Orthodox Christians. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Toplists & Rankings: Best Employers Portal, Show sources information Global Rank: Position held by Italy in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. What is the most Catholic country in the world? The Catholic Church holds considerable influence on some political parties.  Among religious minorities, Islam is the largest, followed by Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Protestantism, Jehovah's Witnesses, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism and Judaism. However, its religious and social landscape is deeply influenced by the Roman Catholic tradition. Devout Catholics may wear or use a rosary for prayer, which is a string of beads or a knotted cord. The chief teachings of the Catholic church are: Gods objective existence; Gods interest in individual human beings, who can enter into relations with God (through prayer); the Trinity; the divinity of Jesus; the immortality of the soul of each human being, each one being accountable at death for his or her actions in.  According to a 2017 poll by Ipsos (a France-based research centre), 74.4% of Italians are Catholic (including 27.0% engaged and/or observant), 22.6% are irreligious and 3.0% adhere to other denominations in Italy. Roman Catholics and other Christians make up 80 percent of the population, though only one-third of those are practicing Catholics. Indeed, the epicentre and government of the Catholic Church (the Vatican) and its leader (the Pope) are located in Rome. In fact, the treaty was later modified by a new agreement between the state and the Church in 1984 (under Prime Minister Bettino Craxi), according to which Catholicism ceased to be the state religion. ChristianThe United States remains a predominantly Christian nation, with 78% of all adults identifying with a Christian faith, and more than 9 in 10 of those who have a religious identity identifying as Christians. Religious practice, especially church attendance, is still high in Italy when compared to the average Western European country. Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman.  The numbers of Christians are consequently calculated, including that number and the data provided by CESNUR and Caritas Italiana. After World War II, the Catholic Church, after some initial reservations (Pope Pius XII favoured a solution similar to that of the Church in Francoist Spain, while some cardinals wanted a plurality of Catholic parties, possibly including a communist one), actively supported De Gasperi's Christian Democracy, a Catholic-inspired but formally non-denominational party, and the so-called "political unity of Catholics". Resident Muslims in Italy 2020, by country of origin, Distribution of citizens belonging to religious minorities in Italy 2020, Religious affiliation of foreign population in Italy 2021, Italian citizens belonging to Protestantism 2020. Catholics share with other Christians a belief in the divinity of Jesus Christ, the son of God made man who came to earth to redeem humanitys sins through His death and resurrection. The number of Catholics among Italian citizens is calculated using the latest Eurispes poll, released in January 2016: according to the survey 71.1% of Italians are Catholic. The major religion in Italy is Roman Catholicism. In 1905 the Italian Catholic Electoral Union was formed in order to coordinate the participation of Catholic voters in the Italian electoral contests.  Italy was the only country in the survey having more practising Christians than non-practising ones. Italy's current President, Sergio Mattarella, and former Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, have been AC and AGESCI leaders, respectively, while the current President of the CEI, Cardinal Angelo Bagnasco, has been a long-time AGESCI assistant. To use individual functions (e.g., mark statistics as favourites, set Get full access to all features within our Corporate Solutions. (billed annually). Italians living overseas may prefer to go to a parish that has an Italian priest; there are many missionary priests that have taken it upon themselves to attend to the spiritual needs of Italian migrants overseas.  Then come four faiths professed mainly by immigrants: Buddhists (260,000), Hindus (180,000), Sikhs (150,000), and Latter-day Saints (26,000). Most historical mainline Protestants, including the Waldensians (30,000 members), the Baptists (Baptist Evangelical Christian Union of Italy, 20,000), the mostly German-speaking Lutherans (Lutheran Evangelical Church in Italy, 7,000), the Methodists (Methodist Evangelical Church in Italy, 5,000) and minor Calvinist and Presbyterian communities, are affiliated to the Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italy, along with the Italian section of The Salvation Army and some minor Evangelical and Pentecostal denominations. An essential component of the definition of any one of the other branches of Christendom, moreover, is its relation to Roman Catholicism: How did Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism come into schism? More recently, a group of conservative Pentecostals set up the Extended Christian Pact party.  Modern forms of native polytheism is represented by Roman Polytheistic Reconstructionism, which includes organizations such as Nova Roma, the Associazione Tradizionale Pietas, Communitas Populi Romani, the Movimento Tradizionale Romano, and the Societas Hesperiana pro Culto Deorum. Show publisher information Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries  The party had minor but significant results and, under the so-called Gentiloni pact in 1913, it entered in alliance with the establishment Liberals.. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. What religion was Italy before Christianity? What salary do you need to live comfortably in Edinburgh. Clockwise from left: (1984; modified in 1993/1993 and 2007/2009), (1986/1998; modified in 1996/1996 and 2007/2009), Italian Catholic Association of Guides and Scouts, Christian Associations of Italian Workers, Baptist Evangelical Christian Union of Italy, Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italy, Evangelical Christian Church of the Brethren, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Archdiocese of Italy and Malta and Exarchate of Southern Europe, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kyivan Patriarchate), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Union of Islamic Communities and Organisations in Italy, List of Italian religious minority politicians, Union of Methodist and Waldensian Churches, Evangelical Christian Churches Assemblies of God in Italy, Italian Union of Seventh-day Adventist Christian Churches, Holy Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Exarchate of Southern Europe, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Italy, "Islam Italiano: Prospects for Integration of Muslims in Italy's Religious Landscape", "Quanti sono e cosa vogliono i musulmani", "In Italy, views of Church from the papers and the pews seem very different", "Breve Pontificio con il quale San Francesco d'Assisi e Santa Caterina da Siena vengono proclamati Patroni Primari d'Italia (18 giugno 1939) | PIO XII", "Corriere della Sera - Italia, quasi l'88% si proclama cattolico", "Religiosit e ateismo in Italia nel 2014 - Doxa", "Spring 2016 Survey Data | Pew Research Center", "I cattolici tra presenza nel sociale e nuove domande alla politica - novembre 2017", "The Italian Episcopal Conference and its Presidents (by Gianni Cardinale)", "Church and Politics.